The Golden Retriever is one of the most popular dog breeds in India. A powerful, active, alert and well put together, not clumsy nor long in the leg, displaying a kindly expression and has a personality that is eager, gentle and self-confident. They are amazingly loyal, family friendly and easy going pet. The combination of intelligence and sporty athlete physic helps to train them effortlessly and do well in almost all categories of dog sports. That’s the reason they are called highly capable working dogs. Golden Retrievers are ace at retrieving games like tracking, hunting, and drugs sniffing. Apart from that they also like to just hang out with the family and sit around and cuddle in your lap.
Golden Retriever: The Dog Known For Its Friendly And Loving Nature
The Retrievers came into existence in the early 1800s in England and Scotland. They are originally bred for upland and waterfowl retrieval. Golden are originally bred by Lord Tweedmouth in between 1835 and 1890 in Scotland. It’s a cross between a breed called Tweed Water Spaniel and yellow retrieval and small Newfoundland crosses, along with Irish Setters and other water spaniels. That’s how the golden retrievers came into existence. Towards the end of the 19th century, hunting was becoming popular in Scotland and England and they were initially bred to hunt and retrieve upland and waterfowl. The first field trial win by a Golden took place in 1904. They were first shown in England in 1908.
The American Kennel Club registered the first Golden in 1925. They had been registered previously, but only as a Retriever, without the designation of color. The Golden Retriever Club of America was found in 1938. Whereas it was previously formed in England in 1913.
How do they look?
The American Kennel Club Standard states that the Golden Retriever are sturdy, well-proportioned dog straight or wavy coat that may come in any shade of gold with a medium length. They have broad heads with wide, but tapering noses. They have black muzzles, brown eyes and pendant ears.
Males should stand around 2 feet tall at the withers and weigh between 30 and 35 kg. Females should stand around 1.75 to 1.85 feet and weigh between 25 and 30 kg.
Coat and Color:
Golden Retrievers sport a thick double coat. Some coats have straight hair, while other are wavy. It has a fringes of hair on the back of the front legs, chest, back of thighs and the tail. They come in many shades, ranging from light to dark. Some breeders produce white too, but the coloring is not recognized by breed standards. As the dog becomes old, the coat may change to lighter from darker, and the face and body may whiten.
The long, distinct coat of the Golden Retriever requires lot of efforts to maintain. Golden retriever has a thick coat either wavy or straight. Its coat needs to be brushed twice a week to help control shedding. Daily brushing is required to prevent jumbles and to help reduce the amount of hair loss. Golden shed year round, and shed heavily especially in spring and fall. Monthly bathing is a must, as Golden are prone to produce a doggie odor, and its owner’s responsibility to take them to bathe more often.
Golden retrievers need lot of exercise; they love swimming and playing outdoors. Golden have strong, fast-growing nails that require monthly nail trimming or grinding to prevent overgrowth, splitting, and cracking. Brush teeth at least once a week with a dog-specific toothpaste to prevent germs buildup, keep gums healthy and keep bad breath away.
Check the dog’s ears on a weekly basis for wax buildup, irritation, and ear infection. Cleaning with a cotton and a veterinarian-approved solution will be the best way to avoid these problems.